The 2017 UN Climate Change Conference will take place 6-17 November at the World Conference Center Bonn, Germany, the seat of the Climate Change Secretariat. This year the event will be convened under the Presidency of Fiji.
It is the 23rd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), informally referred to as COP23. The UNFCCC was adopted in 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit, which marked the beginning of the international community’s first concerted effort to confront the problem of climate change. Also known as the Rio Convention, the UNFCCC established a framework for action to stabilise concentrations of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere. The UNFCCC entered into force in 1994, and nearly all of the world’s nations have now signed up.
Each year the Parties to the agreement convene to assess progress in implementing the convention and, more broadly, dealing with climate change. The first Conference of the Parties (COP1) was held in Berlin, 1995. In 1997, participants established the Kyoto Protocol, which included legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.
Taking forward the Paris Agreement
At COP21, held in Paris in 2015, the parties negotiated the Paris Agreement, which charted a new course in the global climate effort by bringing together all nations into a common cause to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects, with enhanced support to help developing countries to taker part. The central aim of the Paris Agreement is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The Agreement also aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change. To reach these ambitious goals, appropriate financial flows, a new technology framework and an enhanced capacity building framework will be put in place, supporting action by developing countries and the most vulnerable countries, in line with their own national objectives. The Agreement also provides for enhanced transparency of action and support through a more robust transparency framework.
The Paris Agreement entered into force, 4 November 2016. The first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 1) took place in Marrakech, Morocco, 15-18 November 2016.